Extracted from the website of Buddhist Vajrayana Charity Funds Association and translated (分辨
善惡) into English:
To Distinguish between Virtue and Evil
|Rinpoche gave this discourse on 19th March 1995
Uploaded to website on 7th November 2014 (after about 19 years)
|A Buddhist who possesses the two wisdoms of ‘hearing and contemplation’ should naturally be clear of the concept between virtue and evil within his/her self-consciousness.|
|1. Cultivation of virtue|
|－||One should concentrate on learning and cultivating the Eleven Virtues:
Faith, Shame, Guilty Conscience, Non-greed, Non-anger, Non-obsession, Effort, Tranquility, Non-indulgence, Cultivate Renunciation, Non-harming.
|－||The Buddha gave a discourse on the ‘Thirty-seven Elements of Bodhi Way’, one of them being the ‘Four Right Efforts’:
To bring forth that uncultivated good deeds, to continue the existing good deeds so as to further develop them.
To terminate evil actions from arising, to put an end to the existing evil actions.
|2. Method of Terminating evils|
|The Three Poisons||－||Greed, Anger (Resentment), Obsession (Infatuation).|
|The Five Poisons||－||Greed, Anger (Resentment), Obsession (Infatuation), Doubt (Suspicion), Pride (Arrogance).|
|The Six Annoyances and Troubles||－||Greed, Resentment, Obsession (Infatuation), Doubt (Suspicion), Pride (Arrogance), Evil (Not Right View/ Deviant View).|
|The Yogi Master Chan Kin Man said:|
|•||The six Fundamental (primary) Annoyances and Troubles, according to their own characteristics, can create other sins. They are the mother of evil. Practitioners must mandatorily suppress themselves from these forbidden precepts.|
|•||The six fundamental Annoyances and Troubles in turn generate 20 types of ‘Derivative (secondary) Annoyances and Troubles’:
Resentment, Hatred, Concealment, Trouble, Jealousy, Ungenerosity, Deceit, Flattery, harm, arrogance, Shamelessness, Lack of conscience, Restlessness (lack of concentration), Torpor, Lack of faith, Indolence , Indulgence, Forgetfulness, Distraction, incorrect cognition.
|3. Indeterminate Rules|
|Regret:||To feel regret about one's evil deeds is good, but to feel regret when one is charity-giving is wrong.|
|Sleep:||Less sleep at night is good, too much sleep or sleep in daytime is not good.|
|Reflection:||To reflect on one's behaviour is good, to question the faults of one’s Guru is not good.|
|Examination:||One should examine one's own thoughts and conduct, and one should not examine the words and deeds of sages.|
|If one cannot distinguish between virtue and evil, one cannot be considered as a Buddhist who possesses the two wisdoms of ‘hearing and contemplation’.|